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A celebrated, skilled, professional investigator Bungling local constabulary Large number of false suspects The "least likely suspect" A rudimentary " locked room " murder A reconstruction of the crime A final twist in the plot Arthur Conan Doyle — Although The Moonstone is usually seen as the first detective novel, there are other contenders for the honor.
A number of critics suggest that the lesser known Notting Hill Mystery —63written by the pseudonymous "Charles Felix" later identified as Charles Warren Adams  preceded it by a number of years and first used techniques that would come to define the genre.
Peters, who is lower class and mute, and who is initially dismissed both by the text and its characters. In short, it is difficult to establish who was the first to write the English-language detective novel, as various authors were exploring the theme simultaneously.
InArthur Conan Doyle created Sherlock Holmesarguably the most famous of all fictional detectives. Conan Doyle stated that the character of Holmes was inspired by Dr.
Like Holmes, Bell was noted for drawing large conclusions from the smallest observations. Female writers constituted a major portion of notable Golden Age writers.
Agatha Christie, Dorothy L.
One of his rules was to avoid supernatural elements so that the focus remained on the mystery itself. The most widespread subgenre of the detective novel became the whodunit or whodunnit, short for "who done it? In this subgenre, great ingenuity may be exercised in narrating the crime, usually a homicide, and the subsequent investigation.
This objective was to conceal the identity of the criminal from the reader until the end of the book, when the method and culprit are both revealed. According to scholars Carole Kismaric and Marvi Heiferman, "The golden age of detective fiction began with high-class amateur detectives sniffing out murderers lurking in rose gardens, down country lanes, and in picturesque villages.
Many conventions of the detective-fiction genre evolved in this era, as numerous writers — from populist entertainers to respected poets — tried their hands at mystery stories. He created ingenious and seemingly impossible plots and is regarded as the master of the "locked room mystery". Priestley, who specialised in elaborate technical devices.
In the United States, the whodunit subgenre was adopted and extended by Rex Stout and Ellery Queen, along with others.
The emphasis on formal rules during the Golden Age produced great works, albeit with highly standardized form.
Whodunit A whodunit or whodunnit a colloquial elision of "Who [has] done it? The reader or viewer is provided with the clues from which the identity of the perpetrator may be deduced before the story provides the revelation itself at its climax.
The "whodunit" flourished during the so-called " Golden Age " of detective fiction, between andwhen it was the predominant mode of crime writing. Agatha Christie[ edit ] Agatha Christie is not only the most famous Golden Age writer, but also considered one of the most famous authors of all genres of all time.
She produced long series of books featuring detective characters like Hercule Poirot and Miss Marple, amongst others. Modern regional detective fiction[ edit ] Japanese detective fiction [ edit ] Edogawa Rampo is the first Japanese modern mystery writer and the founder of the Detective Story Club in Japan.
Rampo was an admirer of western mystery writers. He gained his fame in early s, when he began to bring to the genre many bizarre, erotic and even fantastic elements. This is partly because of the social tension before World War II.
It demands restoration of the classic rules of detective fiction and the use of more self-reflective elements. In the ensuing years, he played a major role in rendering them first into classical and later into vernacular Chinese. Other regional and ethnic subcultures[ edit ] Especially in the United States, detective fiction emerged in the s, and gained prominence in later decades, as a way for authors to bring stories about various subcultures to mainstream audiences.
One scholar wrote about the detective novels of Tony Hillermanset among the Native American population around New Mexico"many American readers have probably gotten more insight into traditional Navajo culture from his detective stories than from any other recent books. Warshawski books have explored the various subcultures of Chicago.
Subgenres[ edit ] Standard private eye, or "hardboiled"[ edit ] Martin Hewitt, created by British author Arthur Morrison inis one of the first examples of the modern style of fictional private detective.
Popular pulp fiction magazines like Black Mask capitalized on this, as authors such as Carrol John Daly published violent stories that focused on the mayhem and injustice surrounding the criminals, not the circumstances behind the crime.
Very often, no actual mystery even existed: One of the primary contributors to this style was Dashiell Hammett with his famous private investigator character, Sam Spade. Several feature and television movies have been made about the Philip Marlowe character.
Newman reprised the role in The Drowning Pool in Michael Collinspseudonym of Dennis Lynds, is generally considered the author who led the form into the Modern Age.
The PI novel was a male-dominated field in which female authors seldom found publication until Marcia MullerSara Paretskyand Sue Grafton were finally published in the late s and early s. Inverted detective [ edit ] An inverted detective story, also known as a "howcatchem", is a murder mystery fiction structure in which the commission of the crime is shown or described at the beginning,  usually including the identity of the perpetrator.Detective fiction is a subgenre of crime fiction and mystery fiction in which an investigator or a detective—either professional, amateur or retired—investigates a crime, often schwenkreis.com detective genre began around the same time as speculative fiction and other genre fiction in the mid-nineteenth century and has remained extremely popular, particularly in novels.
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