Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. By Javier Sanchez-Mariscal Anybody who has spent a day engaged in a ton of exercise knows how it feels to crash into bed that night. Whether you had an extra-hard gym session or you spent hours working a physical job, by the end of the day your entire body is exhausted and ready for some well-deserved sleep.
Abstract Background Several studies have shown a favorable effect of supervised exercise training on obstructive sleep apnea OSA. This meta-analysis was conducted to analyze the data from these studies on the severity of OSA primary outcome in adults. Secondary outcomes of interest included body mass index BMIsleep efficiency, daytime sleepiness and cardiorespiratory fitness.
Methods Two independent reviewers searched PubMed and Embase from inception to March 6, to identify studies on the effects of supervised exercise training in adults with OSA.
Pre- and postexercise training data on our primary and secondary outcomes were extracted. Results A total of 5 studies with 6 cohorts that enrolled a total of study participants met the inclusion criteria.
Conclusions This meta-analysis shows a statistically significant effect of exercise in reducing the severity of sleep apnea in patients with OSA with minimal changes in body weight.
Additionally, the significant effects of exercise on cardiorespiratory fitness, daytime sleepiness, and sleep efficiency indicate the potential value of exercise in the management of OSA.
Exercise, Obstructive sleep apnea, Cardiorespiratory fitness, Daytime sleepiness Introduction Obstructive sleep apnea OSA is a common medical condition characterized by repetitive upper airway obstruction during sleep [ 12 ]. OSA is linked to a wide range of adverse health consequences, including daytime sleepiness, cognitive impairment, and several cardiovascular and metabolic disorders [ 34 ].
Other treatment options for OSA include weight loss [ 7 — 9 ] and upper airway surgery [ 1011 ]. However, the effects of weight loss on the severity of OSA could be delayed [ 12 ]. Surgical modifications of the upper airway for the treatment of OSA continue to evolve, and the data are not as robust due to the relative paucity of randomized, controlled trials RCTs [ 13 ].
Exercise training in patients with sleep apnea has received accelerated attention. Not only has exercise been shown to be effective in improving OSA, but it also has been found to decrease the severity of central sleep apnea in chronic heart failure patients [ 1415 ].
Moreover, exercise could be uniquely helpful to ameliorate numerous sequalae of OSA, including cardiovascular disease, impaired glucose tolerance, and fatigue.
Additionally, analyses from a large community-based cohort showed that vigorous physical activity was associated with a decrease in the prevalence of OSA [ 16 ].
The mechanisms by which exercise training leads to improvement in OSA are not well-understood. Of course, exercise could reduce OSA indirectly by facilitating decreases in body weight and fat.
However, epidemiologic [ 1718 ] and experimental studies [ 19 — 21 ] have shown that the effect of exercise on sleep apnea is independent of body weight reduction. Besides the beneficial effects on OSA severity, regular physical activity also has been found to be associated with subjective well being in patients with OSA irrespective of the severity [ 22 ].
The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of exercise training on OSA severity reduction in adults with OSA. Secondary objectives were to evaluate the effects of exercise training on body mass index BMIsleep efficiency, daytime sleepiness, and cardiorespiratory fitness.
In much of the literature on the effects of exercise on OSA, the degree to which participants indeed exercised or were encouraged to do so has often been unclear. Therefore, the present meta-analysis was restricted to studies that documented exercise training via improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness.
Methods This meta-analysis was performed according to the guidelines reported in meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology [ 23 ] and preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses statements [ 24 ].
We used combinations of the following keywords: To ensure a thorough search of the literature, we hand-searched the reference lists of the included studies and previously published meta-analyses [ 2526 ] on lifestyle interventions and OSA severity. For inclusion in our meta-analysis, we considered only those studies that reported exercise as a primary component of an intervention and also reported changes in cardiorespiratory fitness.
Inclusion criteria for RCTs included a diagnosis of OSA and randomization to exercise training or to control condition. The control condition could include individuals who received either stretching exercises or were left untrained.Just as important, lack of sleep makes it harder for your body to recover from exercise by slowing down the production of growth hormone—your natural source of .
Learn more at WebMD. Skip to main content studies have found clear evidence that increasing sleep has real benefits for athletes. One study tracked the Stanford University basketball team for. Exercise and sleep have a more complicated relationship than many people realize. The majority of people claim that they don't exercise on a regular basis because they are too tired. epExperimental studies weaknesses are * Celing effect * Small sample size * Small duration period, such as 1 or 2 days exercise and recording * Lab is not like the home envionrment.
Exercise and sleep have a more complicated relationship than many people realize. The majority of people claim that they don't exercise on a regular basis because they are too tired.
Effects of Exercise Training on Sleep Apnea: A Meta-analysis Imran H. Iftikhar, Christopher E. Kline, and Shawn D. Youngstedt Imran H.
Iftikhar, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of South Carolina, One .
Sep 17, · Like nutrition and exercise, sleep is an essential ingredient of a healthy lifestyle, says Zee, also a professor of neurology, neurobiology, and physiology at Northwestern’s Feinberg School of.
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You are here. A study published in Nature Communications found that just one night of sleep deprivation was enough to impair activity in your frontal If you're someone who doesn't particularly enjoy exercise, not prioritizing sleep is like getting a physical examine with your father-in-law as the investigating.
Exercise and Sleep - Exercising right before bed can actually keep you awake instead of putting you to sleep. Add one more benefit: sound sleep. Did you know that exercise can help you sleep sounder and longer and feel more awake during the day? Remember, regular exercise can help you feel, look and sleep better.
The effect that.