Below - My TV debate with Cardiff Freemason Jim Bevan - - - - Freemasonry and Witchcraft initiation rites compared "The great strength of our Order lies in its concealment; let it never appear in any place in its own name, but always covered by another name, and another occupation. None is better than the three lower degrees of Free Masonry; the public is accustomed to it, expects little from it, and therefore takes little notice of it.
In Judaism, G-d is neither male nor female The Talmud says both good and bad things about women Women are not required to perform certain commandments Certain commandments are reserved specifically for women The first of the month is a minor festival for women Men and women sit separately in traditional synagogues The idea of Lilith as a feminist hero is based on a questionable source The role of women in traditional Judaism has been grossly misrepresented and misunderstood.
The position of women is not nearly as lowly as many modern people think; in fact, the position of women in halakhah Jewish Law that dates back to the biblical period is in many ways better than the position of women under American civil law as recently as a century ago.
Many of the important feminist leaders of the 20th century Gloria Steinem, for example, and Betty Friedan are Jewish women, and some commentators have suggested that this is no coincidence: In traditional Judaism, women are for the most part seen as separate but equal.
Women's obligations and responsibilities are different from men's, but no less important in fact, in some ways, women's responsibilities are considered more important, as we shall see. The equality of men and women begins at the highest possible level: In Judaism, unlike traditional Christianity, G-d has never been viewed as exclusively male or masculine.
Judaism has always maintained that G-d has both masculine and feminine qualities. As one Chasidic rabbi explained it to me, G-d has no body, no genitalia, therefore the very idea that G-d is male or female is patently absurd. We refer to G-d using masculine terms simply for convenience's sake, because Hebrew has no neutral gender; G-d is no more male than a table is.
Both man and woman were created in the image of G-d. According to most Jewish scholars, "man" was created in Gen. According to traditional Judaism, women are endowed with a greater degree of "binah" intuition, understanding, intelligence than men. The rabbis inferred this from the fact that woman was "built" Gen.
Women did not participate in the idolatry regarding the Golden Calf. See Rosh Chodesh below. Some traditional sources suggest that women are closer to G-d's ideal than men. Women have held positions of respect in Judaism since biblical times. Miriam is considered one of the liberators of the Children of Israelalong with her brothers Moses and Aaron.
One of the Judges Deborah was a woman. Seven of the 55 prophets of the Bible were women they are included in the list of biblical prophets. The Ten Commandments require respect for both mother and father. Note that the father comes first in Ex. There were many learned women of note. The Talmud and later rabbinical writings speak of the wisdom of Berurya, the wife of Rabbi Meir.
In several instances, her opinions on halakhah Jewish Law were accepted over those of her male contemporaries. In the ketubah marriage contract of Rabbi Akiba 's son, the wife is obligated to teach the husband Torah! Many rabbis over the centuries have been known to consult their wives on matters of Jewish law relating to the woman's role, such as laws of kashrut and women's cycles.
The wife of a rabbi is referred to as a rebbetzin, practically a title of her own, which should give some idea of her significance in Jewish life. There can be no doubt, however, that the Talmud also has many negative things to say about women. Various rabbis at various times describe women as lazy, jealous, vain and gluttonous, prone to gossip and particularly prone to the occult and witchcraft.
Men are repeatedly advised against associating with women, although this is usually because of man's lust rather than because of any shortcoming in women. It is worth noting that the Talmud also has negative things to say about men, frequently describing men as particularly prone to lust and forbidden sexual desires.
Women are discouraged from pursuing higher education or religious pursuits, but this seems to be primarily because women who engage in such pursuits might neglect their primary duties as wives and mothers.First, great value is accorded sacred space and time, generally as shrines in groves, the boundaries of which are demarcated as distinct from the secular world.
The location of Shinto shrines in local landscapes is an important dimension of their sacredness. RELIGION, VIOLENCE, AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION. Marc Gopin. Religion has a dual legacy in human history regarding peace and violence.
Conflict resolution theory must examine more systematically the decision-making of religious actors and leaders in order for strategies of peacemaking to be effective in the relevant contexts. Quakers (or Friends) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements formally known as the Religious Society of Friends or Friends Church.
Members of the various Quaker movements are all generally united in a belief in the ability of each human being to experientially access "the light within", or "that of God in every .
Elements of Religious Traditions In the following paragraphs, I will explain how religious traditions describe and encourage the relationships with the divine, sacred time, sacred space or natural world, and with each other. Next, I will identify issues that are critical.
The religious practices and rituals of Islam are relatively few in number, but great in importance. The Five Pillars of Islam are five practices regarded by all sects of the Islamic religion . Interfaith relationships – as well as the pairing of a secular and a religious partner – are on the rise.
But despite being the new normal in some parts of the world, the idea still makes some.