He used the time to produce Mein Kampf, in which he argued that the effeminate Jewish-Christian ethic was enfeebling Europe, and that Germany needed a man of iron to restore itself and build an empire. Soon after the fighting on the front ended in November[c] Hitler returned [d] to Munich after the Armistice with no job, no real civilian job skills and no friends. He remained in the Reichswehr and was given a relatively meaningless assignment during the winter of —, [e] but was eventually recruited by the Army's Political Department Press and News Bureaupossibly because of his assistance to the army in investigating the responsibility for the ill-fated Bavarian Soviet Republic.
As dictator, he began a campaign of terror to rid Germany of Jewish influence. How the Nazis consolidated their power and control of the German government. That Hitler rose to power in a democracy which had a structure similar to that of modern democracies. That historical events often trigger political responses and mold public opinion, and that extremist political movements do not suddenly rise to power in a vacuum but do so as a result of latent instability of the society in which they exist.
Radical Nazis wanted to seize power, but Hitler insisted that he would come to power legally and that he would accept nothing less than the chancellorship.
The internal political situation, meanwhile, was very unstable and many Germans were revolted by the brutal street fighting of the Stormtroopers. In the summer ofFranz von Papen destroyed the last bulwark of German democracy, the federal state of Prussia, by charging that Prussia could not maintain law and order.
Early in Januaryvon Papen and Hitler met in the home of a Cologne banker, Kurt von Schroder, who pledged funds needed by the Nazi party, and a group of industrialists reassured Hindenburg to let Hitler form a cabinet.
Von Papen reassured Hindenburg that he as vice-chancellor would always accompany Hitler in his talks with the president. Reluctantly, Hindenburg agreed, and on January 30,Hitler became chancellor at the age of He had indeed come to power legally. Among the first actions of the new Chancellor was enactment of an Emergency Decree directed at eliminating political opposition from the Communists.
This decree was passed just six days into the Hitler Administration, and it called for the dismantling of leftist organizations. All Communist party buildings were expropriated.
Hitler blamed the fire on the Communists. Although the case is still somewhat disputed, the fire was very likely instigated by the Nazis and blamed on a Dutch Communist who had committed arson, Marinus van der Lubbe.
There was no sign whatsoever of a revolution, but van der Lubbe gave the Nazis the excuse they needed and the pretext for new emergency measures. Arrests could be made on suspicion, and people could be sentenced to prison without trial or the right of counsel. The suspension was never lifted throughout the entire period of Nazi rule, and the decree of February 28th destroyed fundamental guarantees under the Weimar democracy.
Arbitrary arrests multiplied while truckloads of Stormtroopers rampaged through the streets, broke into homes, rounded up victims, including many Jews, and took them to the S.
The Nazis received 44 percent of the vote in the March elections. On March 23rd, the last Reichstag met in an opera house, surrounded by S.
Most of the Communist and a number of Socialist deputies had already been arrested. The votes of the Center Party were crucial for Hitler in getting the necessary two-thirds majority to pass an Enabling Act, and this they supplied, thus giving him the arbitrary power he craved.
He could now use this power without the Reichstag, and ignore the Constitution. All opposition political parties were destroyed or dissolved themselves. Trade unions were liquidated. Opposition clergy were arrested.
Lists of specific businesses and individuals to be boycotted were published. On April 1st, Nazi pickets were posted in front of stores and factories belonging to Jews and in front of Jewish professional offices to prevent anyone from entering.
Germans who tried to buy from Jews were shamed and exposed publicly. The boycott lasted only three days but it had important implications and consequences.
Moreover, it revealed the completeness and efficiency of Nazi information on Jewish economic life. It also strengthened the idea that it was permissible to damage and even destroy that life with impunity.
Later measures were based on this assumption. City governments responded by passing other laws discriminating against Jews. In Frankfurt, Jewish teachers were excluded from universities, and Jewish performers were barred from the stage and concert halls. In other cities, Jews were excluded from admission to the legal profession.Hitler's "rise" can be considered to have ended in March , after the Reichstag adopted the Enabling Act of in that month.
President Paul von Hindenburg had already appointed Hitler as Chancellor on 30 January after a series of parliamentary elections and associated backroom intrigues. Hitler's rise and fall: Timeline; History & The Arts.
Free courses. January Hitler becomes chancellor of a coalition government, where the Nazis have a third of the seats in the Reichstag.
We invite you to discuss this subject, but remember this is a public forum. Please be polite, and avoid your passions turning. CHAPTER THE DEEPENING OF THE EUROPEAN CRISIS: WORLD WAR II EXAMINATION QUESTIONS Essays: 1. Discuss the major steps taken by Hitler from to that ultimately led . Discuss the major steps taken by Hitler from to that ultimately led to war.
Could Hitler have been prevented from plunging Europe into war? *Germany withdraws from the Disarmament Conference. What were Hitler's steps toward World War 2? that led Hitler to power it may be untrue because they never knew he would lead to.
On September 1, , Hitler invaded Poland, officially starting World War II. Two days later, Britain and France, now obliged by treaty to help Poland, declared war on Germany. Hitler's armies used the tactic of Blitzkrieg, or lightning war, a combination of armored attack accompanied by air assault.