Each student will share their insight into foundational and contemporary theories as well as how these theories are applied in higher education. The goal of this site is to increase understanding and generate dialogue. These vectors of development must reach resolution for the student to achieve identity. Chickering and Reisser go on to postulate that students can experience several vectors at once rather than having to resolve one before moving on to the other.
Each student will share their insight into foundational and contemporary theories as well as how these theories are applied in higher education. The goal of this site is to increase understanding and generate dialogue. Friday, September 24, Gilligan's Theory of Women's Moral Development By Amy Butler Summary of Theory Carol Gilligan was disillusioned with existing theories because they focused mainly on males and placed females on a lower scale of moral development.
Gilligan spent decades researching girls and women to propose her theory of moral development. Women perceive care and responsibility to others as their moral foundation. Development progresses through three distinct levels and two transition periods, with each representing a more sophisticated understanding of self and responsibility.
Level one, orientation to individual survival, shows the individual as self-centered and unable to distinguish between necessity and desire.
The individual attempts to protect herself by not pursuing intimate relationships with others. The first transition is from selfishness to responsibility, in which there exists a new connection to others and a differentiation between needs and wants.
Goodness as self-sacrifice is the second level of development. In this stage, the individual places greater reliance on others and yearns for social acceptance. The third and last level, the morality of nonviolence, shows an individual with a transformed understanding of self.
There is much respect for the self and individual needs, but the individual also recognizes responsibility and care for others and selects among competing choices. Once student leaders recognize the benefits of using both a care and justice orientation, they can more effectively fulfill their duties.
Care emphasizes relationships, inclusion, and interdependence, which are crucial aspects to teamwork and group cohesion.
On the other hand, justice promotes power, assertiveness, and objectivity, which are also necessary to motivate others and make progress towards a common goal.
Student leaders who incorporate both orientations into their leadership styles can be more efficient. Annotated Bibliography Tanaka, G.
Toward an intercultural theory of student development. The Journal of Higher Education, 73 2 Tanaka researched numerous student development theories to create a cohesive intercultural theory. He collected data on survey instruments, which measured student progress along academic and social constructs.
He created survey questions which ask students about their campus experience in terms of dominant racial culture, the power play between males and females, and differences in economic class.
Student development in college: Theory, research, and practice. In a different voice: The adolescent as a philosopher:provide at least a tentative guide for behavior: (Chickering, , p. 17) the student must personalize and integrate values. The desired goal is behavior congruent with values.
The advisor may observe- a student who values a sense of responsibility does a shift on the clean up committee although the student is . Chickering's Seven Vectors of Student Development.
Probably no psychosocial theorist has had more influence on the research on college student development or administrative efforts to promote it than Arthur Chickering (; Chickering & Reisser, ).
Chickering and Reisser’s Seven Vectors of Identity Development; Environmental Influences of Identity Development; Chickering and Reisser () The Seven Vectors: Developing Competence – An individual develops within intellectual, physical and manual skills, and interpersonal competencies.
Thank you. Working on a class for urban students in a rural setting.
Personal development covers activities that improve awareness and identity, develop talents and potential, build human capital and facilitate employability, enhance the quality of life and contribute to the realization of dreams and aspirations. Personal development takes place over the course of a person's entire life. Not limited to self-help, the concept involves formal and informal. This page will review the following theories: Erickson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development Marcia’s Ego Identity Statuses Josselson’ s Theory Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development () Trust vs. Mistrust (Infants, 0 to 1 year) The first stage of Erik Erikson’s theory centers around the infant’s basic needs being met by the parents. Chickering's Theory of Identity Development, as articulated by Arthur W. Chickering explains the process of identity development. The theory was created specifically to examine the identity development process of students in higher education, but it has been used in other areas as well.
This is a nice summary of identity development theory. Seven Vectors by Arthur Chickering The Seven Vectors: An Overview Theory can give us the lenses to see these changes and help them along.
Seven Vectors by Arthur Chickering Development proceeds when students learn appropriate channels for releasing irritations before they. Sep 17, · Though Chickering, and later as revised by Reisser (), did not necessarily state that a student’s movement through these seven vectors were sequential, the theory indicates that student’s must resolve through a specific group of vectors as a springboard or foundation towards progressing through later vectors (Foubert, ).