Now and Then By Julian Bond The continuing disparity between black and white life chances is not a result of black life choices. It stems from an epidemic of racism and an economic system dependent on class division.
Fred Shuttlesworth and Charles Billups led a march from the A. Gaston Motel toward Birmingham City Hall. Police met the demonstrators at 18th Street and 5th Avenue North and arrested 30 marchers. Sunday, April 7 Palm Sunday: King led a group of 2, marchers from St Paul Methodist Church to protest the jailing of marchers the day before.
The march was stopped near Henley School where the demonstrators knelt in prayer. Twenty-six marchers were arrested and police dogs were used to disperse onlookers. Leroy Allenone of the marchers, was knocked down and bitten by a dog.
Small-scale "hit and run" sit-ins took place at several downtown lunch counters. Eight picketers, one a white man from Illinois, were arrested for protesting outside Loveman's.
Blind entertainer Al Hibbler joined the protesters, but was not arrested.
He enjoined fellow protesters to help him into a paddy wagon, but was released without charge. Most downtown lunch counters were closed for the day. Twenty-seven protesters were arrested while gathered on the block of 19th Street North.
Nine were arrested at the Bohemian Bakery and three more were arrested at Britt's Cafeteria. Eleven demonstrators took seats at the Birmingham Public Librarybut left before police arrived to remove them. At the request of Birmingham city attorneys, Circuit Court judge William Jenkins issued an injunction against "boycotting, trespassing, parading, picketing, sit-ins, kneel-ins, wade-ins, and inciting or encouraging such acts.
Twelve demonstrators were arrested on 18th Street between 2nd and 4th Avenue North. The Birmingham Public Library board voted to desegregate the city's public libraries.
Friday, April 12 Good Friday: The marchers were arrested for parading without a permit. White clergymen issued " A Call for Unity ", urging an end to demonstrations as a show of support for the incoming city council. Another letter, " A Statement by Some of the Negro Leaders of Metropolitan Birmingham " was also printed, explaining that the demonstrations were evidence of "striving" rather than "strife", and urging the creation of a bi-racial council to discuss ways both races could "live together in human dignity".
Six picketers were arrested at Atlantic Mills at 8th Avenue North. Volunteers conducted " Kneel-ins " at area white churches.
Five black visitors were seated at 1st Baptist Church and two were seated at 1st Presbyterian Church. African-American visitors were denied entrance to several other white churches. John PorterN. Smith and Frank Dukes were among thirty-two demonstrators, of approximately 1, who marched, who were arrested en route to Birmingham City Hall.
Later another " March to the Jail " was broken up by police. Five protesters were arrested at Britt's Cafeteria and four more at Sears.
Albert Boutwell and the new Birmingham City Council were sworn in, but the existing Birmingham City Commission refused to hand over power, resulting in parallel governments occupying City Hall.
Two protesters at Bohemian Bakery were among seven people arrested for demonstrating. Reverend Henry Crawford led a group of fifteen churchwomen on a march to the Jefferson County Courthouse where they intended to register to vote.
They were met on the block of 6th Avenue South and arrested. Demonstrators returned to two lunch counters. They found one closed and the other was open, but servers ignored the demonstrators. No arrests were made.
Eleven protesters were arrested at the lunch counter in the Building. The Birmingham Chamber of Commerce denounced King for creating "hate and dissension" and the city sought a contempt order to curtail demonstrations.
Seven picketers were arrested outside the Pizitz Building.Articles and Essays The March on Washington For many Americans, the calls for racial equality and a more just society emanating from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial on Aug.
28, , deeply affected their views of racial segregation and intolerance in the nation. Essay about Civil Rights And The Civil War - *Political and civil rights were granted under the Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments to the US Constitution.
However, often these rights were violated for Black Americans. Chapter 28 - The Civil Rights Movement. Printer Friendly.
- Police use water cannons, billy clubs & attack dogs to break up protests - Although the Civil Rights movement revolved around blacks, other minorities had been denied their rights for some time. This book would be perfect for students who want an inside look at the history of civil rights legislation.
I believe undergrads would enjoy Moody’s autobiography . The dominant groups in society hinder these rights from being carried out. In Drucilla Cornell's essay, "Living Together: Psychic Space and the Demand for Sexual Equality"Ã Â, she explores the conflicting power relationships within a society.1/5(1).
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