What is the UK Constitution? Constitutions organise, distribute and regulate state power. In other countries, many of whom have experienced revolution or regime change, it has been necessary to start from scratch or begin from first principles, constructing new state institutions and defining in detail their relations with each other and their citizens.
The Constitution of the United States is a document that outlines the basis of the federal national government of the USA. It was written in at the "Constitutional Convention," held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvaniain what we now call Independence Hall. The US Constitution was ratified approved by nine states on June 21, Delaware was the first state to ratify it ; it was later ratified by the remaining states.
It replaced the earlier set of government rules, the Articles of Confederation, which were the law of the land from until this document created a group of semi-independent states plus a weak national Congress, with neither an Executive nor a Judicial branch. The Constitution sets up the United States with a federal national government plus state governments.
It also specifies that the USA will be a republic, with an elected President, a bicameral congress consisting of two legislative branches, a House of Representatives and a Senateand a system of courts headed by a Supreme Court.
The Constitution is composed of a Preamble an introductionthe main body which consists of seven articlesand amendments additions to the Constitution made after the Constitution was created. The Preamble of the US Constitution: The Preamble to the Constitution is the short, one-sentence introduction to the Constitution; it explains that the document proposes to establish a more perfect government complete with justice, tranquility, and liberty.
It states, "We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
The first three articles of the US Constitution sets up the US government as a republic with three separate branches of government: This division of the government into branches is an example of separation of power, the idea that the enormous power of a government should be split into independent groups, so that any one group cannot have too much power.
In this system, the separate groups check monitor the behavior of each other, having the effect of keeping an even balance of power; this is called checks and balances. The phrase "checks and balances" was coined by Charles-Louis Montesquieu a French political philosopher in ; he also wrote about dividing the power of a government into a Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branch.
The Legislative Branch is bicameral it is divided into two parts: Each state has two Senators. This system was agreed upon at the Constitutional Convention after much debate. The states with larger populations favored a system like the House of Representatives so that they would have more representatives in government and therefore have more power.
The states with smaller populations favored a system like the Senate, in which all states have equal representation so that the larger states would not take too much power.
The framers of the US Constitution compromised, and instituted a bicameral Congress. In addition, the US Constitution sets up a power balance between states and the federal government. It also specifies how to add new states to the USA, and how the Constitution could be ratified and amended.
Many amendments to the Constitution have been made through the years.
|Oregon Secretary of State: State Government||The President of India is head of the executive branch, under Articles 52 and 53, with the duty of preserving, protecting and defending the constitution and the law under Article|
|Recent Articles||The US Constitution The United States Constitution was written to establish the basic principles of the legal, political and economic systems of America. Some of the words used can be difficult to understand so we have provided a short summary of each of the elements - the US Constitution Simplified.|
|SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE IN THE U.S.||As someone who is intensely interested in politics generally, and British and American politics most especially, I am fascinated by the many differences between the political scenes on the two sides of the Atlantic. Inevitably, I am oversimplifying somewhat, but the following differences strike me as instructive.|
|English Bill of Rights||And they do claim, demand and insist upon all and singular the premises as their undoubted rights and liberties, and that no declarations, judgments, doings or proceedings to the prejudice of the people in any of the said premises ought in any wise to be drawn hereafter into consequence or example; to which demand of their rights they are particularly encouraged by the declaration of his Highness the prince of Orange as being the only means for obtaining a full redress and remedy therein. And the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Commons do pray the said prince and princess to accept the same accordingly.|
|What is the UK Constitution?||Of note are the insights into the men who wrote the Constitution, how it was created, and how the Supreme Court has interpreted the Constitution in the two centuries.|
The first 10 amendments additions to the Constitutioncalled the Bill of Rightswere added in Tthe Bill of Rights preserve the rights of the people, including the freedom of speech and religion, the right to a speedy trial, and others.
Later, 17 additional amendments were added; so far, there have been 27 amendments to the US Constitution. It is a great document that has withstood the test of time in creating a government that has functioned well for over years while preserving individual liberty and justice.
Constitution is the oldest national constitution and the shortest. Describes how to admit new states to the Union. Authorizes the national debt Congress can borrow money. Public officials must take an oath to support the Constitution.
Amendment 24 - Poll taxes barred you cannot charge people to vote Amendment 25 - Presidential disability and succession Amendment 26 - Voting age lowered to 18 years old same as the age at which men can be drafted into the army Amendment 27 - Congressional pay increases go into effect only during the next Congressional session.
Also include how to ratify your constitution how to get it accepted.Pima County Attorney Barbara LaWall on behalf of herself and several other county attorneys and sheriffs, recently said a Arizona proposed immigration provision is an unconstitutional intrusion by the state into immigration policies, which are solely the purview of the Federal Government.
The Constitution of the United States of America. On this site, constitutional experts interact with each other to explore the Constitution’s history and what it means today. This course is an introduction to the complexity and nuance of Political Science.
It explores the political and social dynamics of choice, action, and consequence that underlie and support all . I am pleased to report the completion of my third book, Philosophical Lighthouse.I've had several draft copies printed, and I will have friends looking for typographical errors before the final print.
What is the UK Constitution? Constitutions organise, distribute and regulate state power. They set out the structure of the state, the major state institutions, and the principles governing their relations with each other and with the state’s citizens.
The Constitution of India (IAST: Bhāratīya Saṃvidhāna) is the supreme law of India. The document lays down the framework demarcating fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of schwenkreis.com is the longest written constitution of any country on earth.